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What is a Positioning Strategy in Marketing?

In the world of marketing, positioning strategy refers to the strategy a business adopts to create a unique identity and image for its products or services in the minds of prospective new clients. It involves determining and communicating how a particular brand or offering is distinct from its competitors, and why it is superior or better suited to meet their needs

Types of Positioning Strategies

There are several types of positioning strategies that businesses can employ, depending on their target market, industry, and competitive landscape. These are some you would usually find:

1. Product Attributes

Positioning based on product attributes focuses on highlighting specific features or characteristics that set a product apart from others in the market. This strategy is effective when the brand’s unique attributes or functionality align with the clients’ needs and preferences. By emphasising these distinctive qualities, businesses can elevate themselves above the competition on attributes alone.

2. Price

Positioning based on price involves offering products or services at a lower price point compared to competitors. This strategy appeals to price-sensitive clients who prioritize cost-effectiveness. It helps create a perception of affordability without compromising on quality. But, price positioning will bring in clients looking for discounts and bargains. Traditionally harder clients to work with in the long run. 

3. Target Market

Positioning based on the target market entails tailoring marketing efforts and messages to specific client segments. By understanding the unique needs, behaviours, and preferences of a particular target market, businesses can position their offerings as the perfect solution for that specific group. This strategy enables better engagement and connection with the intended audience.

4. Competitors

Positioning based on competitors involves differentiating a product or service from what the competitors are offering. By identifying gaps or weaknesses in the market and fulfilling those unmet needs, businesses can showcase their unique value proposition and position themselves as the superior choice.

Positioning Strategy in Marketing

Positioning strategy plays a crucial role in a business’s overall marketing efforts, as it allows them to carve out a distinctive place in the market and influences how the target market perceives their brand. Here are some key aspects to consider when developing a positioning strategy:

1. Target Audience Analysis

Understanding your target audience is vital to creating an effective positioning strategy. Conduct market research to identify their needs, preferences, and pain points. Conduct surveys, speak to your current clients and collate the data together to create an ideal client profile. 

2. Competitor Analysis

Thoroughly evaluate your competitors to identify their positioning strategies and identify areas of differentiation. Determine what unique value proposition your business can offer, and how it can be communicated effectively to your target market.

3. Unique Selling Proposition (USP)

Define your business’s unique selling proposition, which encapsulates the key attributes or benefits that set your product or service apart from the competition. Your USP should align with the needs and desires of your target audience. How can your USP offer a solution to a pain or an ideal outcome for your prospective clients? 

4. Brand Messaging and Communication

Develop compelling brand messaging that clearly communicates your positioning strategy to your target market. Ensure consistency across all marketing channels, social platforms and outreach messaging. The more communication you have with your audience the better your outcome will be. 

5. Continuous Monitoring and Adaptation

Monitor the effectiveness of your positioning strategy and make necessary adjustments in response to changes in the market, consumer behaviour, or competitor tactics. Staying agile and adaptable ensures your positioning strategy remains relevant and impactful.

A positioning strategy in marketing is essential for businesses to differentiate themselves and establish a unique position. By understanding their target market, analysing competitors, and developing a compelling brand message, businesses can create a positioning strategy that put them in front of the right people at the right time. Opportunities are born through making your own luck by positioning yourself correctly to your market. 


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